Describing a bar chart. Look at the bar chart, exam question and sample answer and do the exercises to improve your writing skills . A bar chart is orientated horizontally, whereas a column chart is arranged vertically. Sometimes bar chart refers to both forms. These types of charts are usually used for comparison purposes (unlike line charts, which describe change). Observe the following chart Graphs, Charts & Diagrams. Data can be represented in many ways. The 4 main types of graphs are a bar graph or bar chart, line graph, pie chart, and diagram. Bar graphs are used to show relationships between different data series that are independent of each other. In this case, the height or length of the bar indicates the measured value or frequency. Below, you can see the example of a bar graph which is the most widespread visual for presenting statistical data A bar chart uses either horizontal or vertical bars to show comparisons among two or more categories. The bar chart has two main features: an X-axis and a Y-axis. One axis of the chart shows the specific categories being compared, and the other axis of the graph shows a given value (usually a percentage or a dollar amount)
The bar chart below shows the sector contributions to India's gross domestic product from 1960 to 2000. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words. Contribution as % of India's GDP. Source: EPW Research Foundation. Step 1 - Analyse the question. The format of every Academic Task 1 question is the. Bar Chart; Bar Chart. It is common in the IELTS Writing paper to be asked to describe a bar graph. Bar graphs, also known as bar charts, are similar to line graphs in that they have two axes and are useful for showing how something has changed over a given period of time, especially when there are significant changes. Bar graphs consist of rectangular bars, which can be orientated horizontally or vertically, with the lengths proportional to the data values that they represent. They are. There are three graphs in the chart. The green graph shows the total growth of the population, the black one deals with the migrated people in Canada and the blue graph shows the natural increase of the population. In 1988/89 there was an enourmous growth. In the following years the total growth went down to about 250,000 in 1998/99. From that time on the Canadian population has been gradually growing again although the natural increase slows down. So we can say that the growth of the. 3.3 Bar Graphs for Qualitative Data On a scale of 1-10, how nervous are you about taking STAT 220? (1=very nervous, 10=not nervous) Bar graphs represent each category as a bar. The bar heights show the category counts or percents. Bar graphs can compare quantities that are not part of a whole. A Pareto bar graph has the bars ordered from tallest to shortest
Describing a bar chart. Hier können Sie sich über den grundsätzlichen Aufbau einer Graph-Beschreibung informieren und bekommen - in Beispielssätze eingebaut - brauchbare und universell einsetzbare Ausdrücke und Floskeln für eine Beschreibung. Graph - Aufbau, Floskeln. Tipps zur sprachlichen Ausgestaltung einer Graph-Beschreibung Tips on describing the Bar Chart. There are few tips which are used for describing the bar graph which is as follows: Try to use a simple language while describing the bar graph. After writing, review the content that you have written, and check if it is free from errors and plagiarism. Try to add any extra words which will suit the data given. While practicing, use different bar graphs or. •Bar Chart: A graph in which the classes are reported on horizontal axis and the class frequencies on the vertical axis. The class frequencies are proportional to the heights of the bars. Bar Charts 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Goalkeeper Defender Midfielder Striker ards ) Player position (variable of interest) Bar Charts 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% A B O AB y Blood Type (variable of. ..). It finishes with a fun activity where students describe and plot the lines on four graph s. The second lesson provides the language necessary for describing, analysing and evaluating graphs. It is followed by researching and analysing graphs/charts/tables from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) and giving a short presentation on the findings Chapter 2. DESCRIBING DATA -USING GRAPHS. TOPIC SLIDE Introduction to using graphs 2 Pie Charts 4 • Tutorial: Creating a Pie Chart Bar Graphs 5 • Tutorial: Creating a Bar Graph Histograms 6 • Tutorial: Creating a Histogram Shapes of Histograms 12 Stem Plots 20 Time Plots 26. The shape or distribution of the data • Are there an equal number of.
Bar Chart Exercise - Answer. The 1. bar chart illustrates information on the quantity of drugs 2. school children in New Zealand take, divided by 3. gender and measured 4. in percentages. Overall, it is immediately apparent that hashish or marijuana is used 5. more than any of the other drugs, whereas LSD is used 6. the least Single Pie Chart Paragraph 1 Describe what sort of chart it is and what it is about. Paragraph 2 Describe the sections of the graph starting with the biggest and working your way down. Paragraph 3 A short conclusion giving an overall view of what the chart is about. Two Pie Charts If you have 2 pie charts they will be giving similar information so you can compare the two. This type of writing is similar to a compare and contrast essay View Describing a bar chart.pdf from ENGL 211 at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. Independent Learning Centre DESCRIBING A BAR CHART Bar charts can be used to show ho Learning and understanding the vocabulary and language for describing graphs is essential for Business English language learners. For example, students need to understand the language of graphs in order to: simplify data; show changes over time; illustrate cycles; demonstrate trends; explain budgets, costs, profits and other financial statistic
• interpret bar charts, pie charts, and box and whisker plots in a qualitative way. Starting points This session is in two linked parts. • Matching pie charts to bar charts. • Matching box and whisker plots to bar charts. Each part of the session starts with a whole class discussion to compare the newly-introduced type of distribution, looking at its advantages, disadvantages and. Lesson 2: Describing an IELTS Pie Chart This lesson will provide you with tips and advice on how to write an IELTS pie chart for task one. To begin, take a look at the pie chart below and the model answer. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. The pie charts show the main reasons for migration to and from the UK in 2007 Das Arbeitsblatt describing-charts-ws.pdf (Word-Datei: describing-charts-ws.doc) erklärt wichtige Begriffe und Wendungen zum Beschreiben von Diagrammen und Schaubildern. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf Linien- und Balkendiagrammen (line charts and bar charts), es werden aber auch allgemeine Begriffe und Kuchendiagramme (pie charts) behandelt. Ergänzt wird das Ganze durch 10 Diagramme, die zur. Bar Charts Introduction Bar charts are used to visually compare values to each other. This chapter gives a brief overview and examples of simple bar charts and two-factor bar charts. The orientation of a bar chart may be vertical or horizontal. Below is an example of a vertical bar chart with two factors (fruit and month). Data Structure Data for a bar chart are entered in columns. Each. IELTS Academic: Lexis for describing graphs An activity which helps students use a range of suitable lexis for describing graphs. The session can be used for IELTS preparation or for more general academic writing skills. Time required: 60-70 minute
Describing charts. Learn how to write about charts. Do the preparation task first. Then read the text and tips and do the exercises. Preparation. Grouping_MjMxNjE= Reading text. The first chart illustrates the percentage of the population who owned a smartphone from 2011 to 2016, and the second breaks the percentages down by age for 2011 and 2016. Overall, smartphone ownership increased during. From the bar chart, find the second most popular colour of shoes amongst men A) Black B) Brown C) Red 2 . From the bar chart, find the second most popular colour of shoes amongst women. A) Black B) Brown C) Red 3 . From the bar chart, how many adults wore w hite shoes? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 4 . From the bar chart, find the total number of women who took part in the survey of shoe. Reading A Circle Chart A common type of data display in business reports, newspapers, and magazines is a circle chart, or pie chart. In a circle chart, the total is represented as a circle, and the parts that make up the total are shown as slices. The numbers are usually given in the form of percents; the total is 100%. EXAMPL A bar chart with a non-zero baseline or some other gap in the axis scale can easily misrepresent the comparison between groups since the ratio in bar lengths will not match the ratio in actual bar values. By cutting 90 points out of the vertical axis, a small 4-point difference can be exaggerated to look like a 1:3 ratio. Maintain rectangular forms for your bars. Another major no-no is to mess. Paragraphs to Describe Graphs and Charts Often in academic writing, students will use information and facts presented in charts and graphs to support the topic sentence of their paragraph. Often, the data presented in a graph or table show change over time. There are specific verbs, adjectives and adverbs that can help you describe these changes. For example: Verbs for describing how data have.
Describing Data 251 . Pie charts look nice, but are harder to draw by hand than bar charts since to draw them accurately we would need to compute the angle each wedge cuts out of the circle, then measure the angle with a protractor. Computers are much better suited to drawing pie charts. Common software programs like Microsoft Word or Excel, OpenOffice.org Write or Calc, or Google Docs are. The bar chart above is a chart of comparison, so you look for categories to compare which have similar key features. This is the logical way to organise this report. The organisation is also highlighted in the overview by stressing the key features which will inevitably be used to structure the paragraphs. There are no set rules - you need to interpret the data, spot similarities and. Updated: April 27th 2021. In Writing task 1 academic you need to write a report about one of the following: It could be a bar chart, a line graph, maps, a table, a pie chart or a process diagram. In this case, we are going to look at describing a line graph in IELTS writing task 1 and the kind of grammar and vocabulary that is needed for this task
How to describe a pie chart for IELTS. Home » IELTS academic task 1 » Pie chart for IELTS In this IELTS writing task 1 tutorial you'll learn different ways to describe a pie chart for IELTS.. We will talk about the best language to use and teach you how to structure your writing task to get the best results for your IELTS exam Learn how to describe bar charts in IELTS Writing task 1 to get a band 9 for your writing! In this tutorial you will see a sample bar chart question + useful.. Lesson 2: Describing an IELTS Pie Chart This lesson will provide you with tips and advice on how to write an IELTS pie chart for task one. To begin, take a look at the pie chart below and the model answer. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. The pie charts show the main reasons for migration to and from the UK in 2007. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main. Answer graphs worksheet Go up: increase climb lift rise Go down: fall decrease drop decline Lines in order of descent Fluctuate Increase sharpl
IELTS Academic writing task 1 - Bar Graph. A bar graph (also known as the bar chart) is a graph that contains either horizontal or vertical bars to present data comparison or contrast among categories or variables. In your IELTS Academic task 1, you might get a bar graph that will have numerical values of different variables shown by the length and height of lines or rectangular shapes or. Speaker 1: The chart I think is most commonly used within hospitals and the medical environment is the line chart. Speaker 3: In a bar chart you have columns kind of thing. It goes up like buildings The Bar Chart above demonstrates the percentages of consumption of vegetables and fruits more than 5 times in a day subgrouped people by women, children, men on the Y axis, according to years between 2001-2008 on the X-axis. If we just look 2001 and 2008 we can say there is big difference in consumption. Although it seems linear graphic at.
In this task, you are required to describe what you see in words. There should be no interpretation or analysis, just a factual description. There are several variations of this task: a chart/graph, a table, a map or a process/cycle. 23% 58% 10% 9% PIE CHART 1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr What do you need to describe? FASTRACK EDUCATION Email: email@example.com Website: http. One way to describe a chart is to provide both a text summary and a properly coded data table near the chart. This serves multiple audiences because a chart can show trends, but a table can provide exact data for those who are interested. Example: Final /r/ Deletion in Detroit's African American Speakers. Trudgill (1995) presents the following data about the loss of word-final /r/ in Detroit.
. Overall, it is clear that the percentage of overweight males was significantly higher than females in each year. Additionally, the rate of both men and women who were overweight rose over the research period DESCRIBING DATA -USING GRAPHS TOPIC SLIDE Introduction to using graphs 2 Pie Charts 4 • Tutorial: Creating a Pie Chart Bar Graphs 5 • Tutorial: Creating a Bar Graph Histograms 6 • Tutorial: Creating a Histogram Shapes of Histograms 12 Stem Plots 20 Time Plots 2 A gantt chart is a horizontal bar chart used in project management to visually represent a project plan over time. Modern gantt charts typically show you the timeline and status—as well as who's responsible—for each task in the project. Here's a quick look at the details a gantt chart enables you to capture at a glance: How a project breaks down into tasks; When each task will begin. IELTS Bar Graph: Overview, Answering Strategies and Tips, Vocabulary and Samples. Bar graph is one of the most common questions in IELTS academic writing task 1. You will be presented with a graph and asked to describe the bar chart in IELTS. You have to complete this task in 20 mins and should write a minimum of 150 words
Lesson Share: Describing pie charts. By Gabrielle Lambrick. Gabrielle Lambrick wins this month's Lesson Share with a lesson about learning to describe pie charts for IELTS Writing Task 1 Watch on. In IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 you will be tested on your ability to describe and interpret information presented in a graph, table, chart or diagram. You will need to describe trends, compare and contrast data or report statistical information. Occasionally you will need to describe a process (which we will explain in another section)
Describing Bar Charts and Column Charts - Making Multiple Comparisons Describing Bar Charts and Column Charts - Observing the Axes Describing Pie Charts Describing Pie Charts - Comparing Two Charts Describing Tables Using Approximation Describing Trends Describing Projections Checklist . The graphs, charts and tables were created using data from the European Commision's Eurostat site: http. The bar chart represents sales in our Asian outlets. Here you can see a comparison between On the line graph you will note : a strong upward trend in the sales of product A despite occasional fluctuations with a slight drop during the holiday season with occasional variations due to the overall performance of product B is good. The initial surge in sales was followed by a.
- Describe (Vertical axis quantity) vs. (Horizontal axis A bar diagram can be used when comparing the performance of different samples The right way to present non-causal data. Summary (adapted from Tufte, pg 183) Good graphic • Terms are spelled out • Text runs left to right • Data are clarified with small notes • Legends vs. labels -decide which one is appropriate. How to describe a bar chart for IELTS. A horizontal or vertical chart could be on your IELTS academic task 1. It's responsible for a third of your marks in the writing test so we recommend spending around 20 minutes, as this is a third of your time. There are a couple of different structures you can follow when describing an IELTS bar chart Ready to learn KEY phrases that will help you describe charts, graphs, and trends in English? Watch the video lesson and then learn the phrases below! KEY PHRASES FROM THIS LESSON When describing an uptrend (see image), we can use go up, increase, or rise. from September 2016 to April 2017, the price of Bitcoin rose [ Start studying Useful phrases: Pie charts / Bar charts. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Home Browse. Create. Search. Log in Sign up. Upgrade to remove ads. Only $2.99/month. Useful phrases: Pie charts / Bar charts. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by . LaVidaLoca__ Terms in this set (10) The pie chart.
The bar chart vs. histogram comparison indicates multiple differences between the two, making them entirely different. As bar charts are used to compare categories, histograms provide quantitative analysis, whereby data points are grouped into specific intervals. Therefore, you can use a bar chart to summarize large data in visual form and. You may have a pie chart and a table, a bar chart and a line graph, or any combination of charts. In this post we will look at how to write this type of essay, with structure help, vocabulary and sample answers. Writing Task 1 - Multiple Charts Essay Structure >> Paragraph 1 - Paraphrase the question. When writing your own introduction of one or two sentences paraphrase the question and. You will be given a line graph, a bar chart, a Occasionally you will have a diagram or a flow chart and will need to describe the stages of the process or how something works. We will explain more about this in another lesson but for now we will concentrate on describing trends. How long is IELTS Academic writing task 1? For IELTS Academic writing task 1 you must write a minimum of 150. Hướng dẫn từ A đến Z cách viết Biểu đồ cột - Bar Chart IELTS WRITING TASK 1. Biểu đồ côt - Bar Chart hay còn gọi là Bar graph là biểu đồ thường gặp trong IETLS writing Task 1. Nhìn chung thì loại biểu này dễ hơn so với những biều đồ kia, những chúng ta cũng cần chú ý đến. ine trying to describe the distribution of a sample of 300 observations by listing all 300 measure-ments. Description by Visual Presentation Another alternative that is frequently used is to present the data in some visual manner, such as with a bar chart, a histogram, a frequency polygon, or a pie chart. Figures 8-1 through 8-5 giv
After 7 pm, numbers fall significantly, with only a slight increase again at 8pm, tailing off after 9 pm. Overall, the graph shows that the station is most crowded in the early morning and early evening periods. Sample Chart Descriptions.pdf. Adobe Acrobat Dokument 1.7 MB. Download one of five forms - a line graph, bar graph, pie chart, table or diagram illustrating a process. You are required to describe the information or the process in a report of 150 words. This task should be completed in 20 minutes. It is important that you are familiar with the language appropriate to report writing generally and to each of the five types of report. TASK TWO is an essay based on.
The IELTS academic exam writing task 1 consists of 6 types of charts such as process diagrams, maps, bar charts, pie charts, tables or line graphs. You will need to write a report about one of these, but remember it is very different to writing task 2, it is not an 'essay' it is a factual report. In academic task 1 there must be an overview and a factual description of the main parts of. • Note on the chart, that I labeled each portion by percentage (I could have chosen number instead). Only use percentage if you include the number of responses as a part of the title (here n=25). • Notice the three parts of the title: Figure, 1, and the verb-free sentence. The Vertical Bar (or Column) Graph • Remember, graphs allow for comparisons • Bar graphs allow you to make more. Bar graphs, pie charts, line graphs, and histograms are an excellent way to . illustrate your program results. This brief includes concepts and definitions, types of graphs and charts, and guidelines for formatting. Major Concepts and Definitions. Graphs and charts condense large amounts of . information into easy-to-understand formats that clearly and effectively communicate important points.
• describe data • read and interpret displays of data • construct appropriate displays of data: frequency table, pictogram, bar chart, line bar chart, histogram, pie chart, line graph, frequency polygon, stem-leaf plots, scatter plots • justify the choice of display used for given data • critically analyse data displays • state common pupil errors in data representation. If you look at this bar chart you'll notice If you look at this pie chart you'll appreciate Describing Charts and Graphs. These are the most important expressions to describe charts and graphs. As we can see in Pie Chart #1, 55% of people use Netflix; Pie Chart #1 says that 55% of people use netfli
Describing graph, chart and diagram 1. DIFFERENT TYPES OF CHARTS, GRAPHS, TABLES AND DIAGRAMS A. TYPES OF GRAPHS Single line graph Multiple line graph Bar graph 2. B. TYPES OF CHARTS Paired bar chart Percentage bar chart Pie chart 3. Stacked bar chart Single bar chart Flow chart Population chart 4. C. TYPES OF DIAGRAMS Diagram Bubble Diagra A flow chart is a diagram showing the progress of material through the steps (étapes) of a manufacturing process (processus) or the succession of operations in a complex activity A pie chart displays the size (taille) of each part as a percentage of a whole (un tout). A (vertical or horizontal) bar chart. is used to compare . unlike (different) items. A . line chart. depicts changes over a.
Start studying Useful phrases: Pie charts / Bar charts. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Vertical Bar Chart. A vertical bar graph is the most common type of bar chart and it is also referred to as a column graph. It represents the numerical value of research variables using vertical bars whose lengths are proportional to the quantities that they represent. Types of Vertical Bar Chart . Vertical Stacked Bar Chart; A vertical stacked bar chart is a type of bar graph that uses. IELTS Graphs, charts or diagrams. Academic task 1 requires that you summarise and compare a diagram, chart or graph. You should use at least 150 words for the task. This section is not an essay. It is a summary. You should use formal language and it must factual. Academic task 1 is a report on a bar chart, pie chart, table or diagram and process Bar Graph: A bar graph is a chart that plots data with rectangular bars representing the total amount of data for that category. A bar chart is a style of bar graph; it is often used to represent.
Full tutorial to describe a bar graph. Dec 16, 2017 - Learn how to choose the right information, use the correct vocabulary and plan your report. Full tutorial to describe a bar graph. Pinterest. Today. Explore. When the auto-complete results are available, use the up and down arrows to review and Enter to select. Touch device users can explore by touch or with swipe gestures. Log in. Sign up.. This 3D bar chart might look very attractive, but it is also very misleading. There is no scale on the vertical axis, and because of the perspective it looks as though the sales for 1995 were far greater than those for any other year. In fact they were identical to those for 1997. It would be much better to draw a 2D bar chart like the one shown in Figure 31.3 with the appropriate labelling on. You can display information in the form of a bar chart. Bar charts show data in a visual and easy to read way. Survey of pets owned by people in Tregain Street Below are the results of the survey of 'Pets owned by people in Tregain Street' shown as a bar chart: Chart of pets owned by people in Tregain Street Key points • A bar chart needs a title. The title tells you what the bar chart is.
Bar chart analysis is more useful when the bars over a time period are viewed, allowing patterns to be discerned that may forecast future prices with varying degrees of success. The simplest comparison is between 2 consecutive bars. An up-day is when the close is higher than the day before. A down-day is when the close is lower The bar chart was originally developed by Henry L. Gantt in 1917 and is alternatively called a Gantt chart.1 It quickly became popular—especially in the construction industry—because of its ability to graphically represent a project's activities on a time scale. Before a Bar (Gantt) chart can be constructed for a project, the project must be broken into smaller, usually homogeneous. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper . 9 Full PDFs related to this paper. READ PAPER. Hotel Organizational Chart, Complete. Download. Hotel Organizational Chart, Complete. Amrit Chhina. Hotel ORGANIZATION CHART FINANCE & ACCOUNTING CONTROLLER ASST. FINANCIAL CONTROLLER EDP MANAGER GENERAL ACCOUNTING PURCHASING LEDGER SUPERVISOR MANAGER F&A CONTROLLER SECRETARY. Before writing an IELTS task 1 bar chart or line graph answer it is important that we analyse the question correctly. Taking a few minutes to do this will help us write a clear answer that fully responds to the question. Just what the examiner wants us to do. The first thing we need to do is decide if the bar chart is static or dynamic. Static means that the data comes from one point in time.
Bar graph definition is - a graphic means of quantitative comparison by rectangles with lengths proportional to the measure of the data or things being compared —called also bar chart 569+ Chart Templates in PDF - START DOWNLOADING. Charts are easier to understand that's because charts are generally focused on the graphic than text. And with the use of graphical charts, we can simply display the percentage in a pie chart, or bar chart or we can comprehend easily the data that changes over time with the use of line chart
Describing graphs. Average: 3.6 (165 votes) Fri, 10/10/2008 - 00:00 — Chris McCarthy. Vocabulary; In the English-speaking business world you may have to discuss the information on graphs. Here we take a look at some of the vocabulary we use to describe graph trends. Going Up. rose; increased ; went up; grew. A bar chart represents data in rectangular bars with length of the bar proportional to the value of the variable. R uses the function barplot() to create bar charts. R can draw both vertical and Horizontal bars in the bar chart. In bar chart each of the bars can be given different colors. Syntax. The basic syntax to create a bar-chart in R is −. barplot(H,xlab,ylab,main, names.arg,col. PTE Describe Image With Answers (Line Charts) Describe the given below bar graph #2; Sample Answer: The bar chart shows the scores of three teams, A, B and C, in four consecutive seasons. In 2008, the score of Team B far exceeded that of the other two teams, standing at a massive 82 points compared to only 10 for team C and a very low 5 for Team A. Over the next two years, the points for team. Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 question requires you to use several vocabularies to present the data given in a pie/ bar/ line/ mixed graph or to describe a process or a flow chart. Being able to use appropriate vocabularies, presenting the main trend, comparing & contrasting data and presenting the logical flow of the graph ensure a high band score in your Academic IELTS writing task 1. This. Jun 1, 2018 - Describing a Bar Chart is one of the tasks you will be asked to do in your IELTS Academic Writing Exam. There are a couple of different structures you can follow when describing a Bar Chart. But today we will teach you a structure where you assign each sentence of your text to a topic - kind of the opposite of what you usually do when writing
Understanding Bar Graphs & Pie Charts. One of the more fascinating ways to record data is to put the data in a graph. Two of the more popular graphs are bar graphs and pie graphs This document provides instructions for creating annual race/ethnicity stacked bar charts. Please note that these instructions use Q1_08 data for the year 2007. • There are six stacked bars in this chart: - Child Population - Allegations - Substantiations - Entries - In Care - Exit charts and graphs 508 compliant. Format This tool provides guidance on making various charts and graphs 508 compliant by providing examples of preferred practices and practical tips. Audience This tool is designed primarily for researchers from the Model Systems that are funded by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living
Bar charts organized from the highest to the lowest number are called Pareto charts. Advantages and Disadvantages of Bar Chart. Advantages: Bar graph summarises the large set of data in simple visual form. It displays each category of data in the frequency distribution. It clarifies the trend of data better than the table. It helps in estimating the key values at a glance. Disadvantages. Introduction to describing graphs and tables. In many subject areas you may need to refer to numbers, statistics and other data during the course of your studies. This is likely to be data collected by other people which you will use to support your written work, but it may be data that you have collected yourself as part of your studies Useful phrases describing a picture / interpreting a cartoon The beginning of your description • The situation is at / the situation is near • The picture / painting / cartoon introduces us / the viewer / the spectator to • In the / this picture / painting / photo / cartoon / illustration we see / come upon (stoßen auf) / catch a glimpse of (flüchtigen Eindruck von etw.